Ackerman, M., Frimout, D., Girard, A., Gottingies M. and Muller, C. (1976) "Stratospheric HCl from Infrared Spectra", Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 81-83.

Bernstein, H. J., and Herzberg, G., (1948) J. Chem. Phys. 16, 30.


Blatherwick, R. D., Goldman, A., Murcray, F. J., Cook, G. R. and Van Allen, J. W. (1980) "Simultaneous Mixing Ratio Profiles of Stratospheric NO and NO2 as Derived from Ballooon-Borne Infrared Solar Spectra" Geophys. Res. Lett. 7, 471.

Coffey, M. T., Mankin, W. G. and Goldman, A. (1981) "Simultaneous Spectroscopic Determination of Latitudinal, Seasonal, and Diurnal Variability of Stratospheric N2O, NO, NO2, and HNO3" J. Geophys. Res.

Farmer, C. B., Raper, O. F. and Norton, R. H. (1976) "Spectroscopic Detection and Vertical Distribution of HCl in the Troposphere and Stratosphere" Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 13-16.

Farmer, C. B., Raper, O. F., Robbins B. D., Toth, R. A. and Muller, C. (1980) "Simultaneous Spectroscopic Measurement of Stratospheric Species: O3, CH4, CO, CO2, N2O, H2O, HCl, and HF at Northern and Southern Mid-Latitudes" J. Geophys. Res. 85, 1621-1632.

Farmer, C. B. (1985) "A Presentation at the 1985 International Conference on Fourier and Computerized Infrared Spectroscopy, Ottawa."

Fontanella, J. C., Girard, A., Gramont, L. and Louisnard, N. (1975) "Vertical Distribution of NO, NO2, and HNO3 as derived from stratospheric Absorption Infrared Spectra" Appl. Opt. 14, 825.

Goldman A., Fernal, F. G., Williams, W. J. and Murcray, D. G. (1978) "Vertical Distribution of NO2 in the Stratosphere as Determined from Balloon Measurements of Solar Spectra in the 4500 A Region" Geophys. Res. Lett. 5, 257.

Goldman A., Murcray, F. H., Murcray D. G. and Rinsland, C. P. (1984) "A Search For Formic Acid in the Upper Troposphere: A Tentative Identification of the 1105 cm-1 Q-Branch in High-Resolution Baloon-Borne Solar Absorption Spectra." Geophys. Res. Lett. 5, 257.

Grant, W. B., Kagann, R. H., and McClenny, W. A. (1992), "Optical Remote Measurement of Toxic Gases", J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 42, 18-30.

Hanst, P. L. (1978), Applied Optics 17, 1360-1366.

Hanst, P. L., LeFohn A. S., and Gay, Jr., B. W. (1973) Applied Spectroscopy 27, 188.

Hanst, P. L., Spiller, L. L., Watts, D. M., Spence, J. W., and Miller, M. F., (1975), J. Air Pollution Control Association 25, 1220.

Hanst, P. L. (1971) "Spectroscopic Methods for Air Pollution Measurement" Advances in Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 2 Ed. by J.N. Pitts and R. L. Metcalf. John Wiley, New York. pp. 91-213.

Hanst, P. L., Wong, N. W. and Bragin, J. (1982) "A Long-Path Infrared Study of Los Angeles Smog" Atmos. Environ. 16, 969-981.

Herget, W. F. (1979) "Air Pollution: Ground-Based Sensing of Source Emissions." Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, Vol. 2 J. Ferraro and L. Basile, Eds. Academic press, New York.

Horn, D. and Pimentel, G. C. (1971) "2.5 Km. Low Temperature Multiple-Reflection Cell", Appl. Opt. 10, 1892-1898.

Jouve, P. (1980) "Telemeasure de HCl, HF, Ozone and Formaldehyde dan L'atmosphere Moyenne par Infrarouge Haute Resolution a partir du Sol". In Proceedings of a meeting held in Ispra, Italy.

Mankin, W. G., Coffey, M. T. and Griffith, D. W. T. (1979) "Spectroscopic Measurement of Carbonyl Sulfide (COS) in the Atmosphere" Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 853-856.

Migeotte, M., Neven, L. and Swensonn, J. (1956) "The Solar Spectrum from 2.8 to 23.7 Microns, Part 1, Photometric Atlas" Mem. Soc. r. Sci. Liege Special Vol. 1.

Molina, M. J. and Rowland, F. S. (1974) "Stratospheric Sink for Chlorofluoromethanes: Chlorine Atom Catalyzed Destruction of Ozone" Nature 249, 810-812.

Murcray, D. G., Murcray F. H., Williams, W. J. Kyle, T. G. and Goldman, A. (1969) "Variation of the Infrared Solar Spectrum Between 700 cm-1 and 2240 cm-1 with Altitude", Applied Optics 8, 2519-2536.

Murcray, D. G., Goldman, A., Williams, W. J., Murcray F. H., Bonomo F. S., Bradford C. M., Cook G. R., Hanst, P. L. and Molina M. J. (1977) "Upper Limits for Stratospheric ClONO2 from Balloon-Borne Infrared Measurements." Geophys. Res Lett. 4, 227-230.

Murcray, D. G., Goldman, A., Murcray F. H., Murcray, F. J. and Williams, W. J. (1979), "Stratospheric Distribution of ClONO2", Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 857-859.

Park, J. H., Zander, R., Farmer, C. B., Rinsland, C. P., Russell III, J. M., Norton, R. H., and Raper, O. F., (1986), "Spectroscopic Detection of CH3Cl in the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere", Geophys. Res. Lett. 13, 765-768.

Perner, D. and Platt, H. (1979) "Detection of Nitrous Acid in the Atmosphere by Differential Optical Absorption" Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 917-920.

Pfundt, A. H., (1939), Science 90, 326.

Pitts, J. N., Finlayson-Pitts, B. J. and Winer, A. M., (1977), Envir. Science and Technology 11, 568.

Rank, D. H., Rao, B. S., Sitaram, P., Slomba, A. F., and Wiggins, T. F., (1962) J. Opt. Society America 52, 1003-1009.


Rinsland, C. P., Levine, J. S., and Miles, T., (1985a), "Concentration of Methane in the Troposphere Deduced from 1951 Infrared Solar Spectra", Nature, 318, 245-249.

Rinsland, C. P., and Levine, J. S., (1985b), "Free Tropospheric Carbon Monoxide Concentrations in 1950 and 1951 Deduced from Infrared Total Column Amount Measurements", Nature 318, 250-253.

Ritz, S., Haussman, M., and Platt, U. (1992) "Improved Open-path Multi-Reflection Cell for the Measurement of NO2 and NO3", a paper presented at the Int. Symp. on Envir. Sensing, Berlin, Germany.


Scott, W. E., Stephens, E. R., Hanst, P. L. and Doerr, R. C. (1957) "Further Developments in the Chemistry of the Atmosphere" Proc. Amer. Petroleum Int. 37 (III), 171.

Simonds,M., Xiao, H. and Levine, S. P., (1994) Am. Ind. Hygiene Assoc. J. 953-965.

Smith, M. A. H. and Rinsland, C. P. (1985) "Spectroscopic Measurement of Atmospheric HCN at Northern and Southern Latitudes" Geophys. Res. lett. 12, 5-8.

Stephens, E. R., Hanst, P. L., Doerr, R. W., and Scott, W. E. (1956), Ind. Eng. Chem. 48, 1498-1504.

Tuazon E. C., Graham R. A., Winer A. M., Easton R. R., Pitts J. N. and Hanst, P. L. (1978) "A Kilometer Pathlength Fourier Transform Infrared System for the Study of Trace Pollutants in Ambient and Synthetic Atmospheres" Atmospheric Environment 12, 865-875.

White, J. U. (1942) "Long Optical Paths of Large Aperture" J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 32, 285-289.

White, J. U. (1976), "Very Long Optical Paths in Air., J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 66, 411-416.

Williams, W. J., Kosters, J. J., Goldman, A. and Murcray, D. G. (1976) "Measurements of Stratospheric Halocarbon Distributions Using Infrared Techniques. Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 379-382.

Zander, R., Rinsland, C. P., Farmer, C. B., Brown, L. R., and Norton, R. H., (1986), "Observation of Several Chlorine Nitrate (ClONO2) Bands in Stratospheric Infrared Spectra", Geophys, Res. Lett., 13, 757-760.

Zimmerman, P. R., Chatfield, R. B., Fishman, J., Crutzen, P. J. and Hanst, P. L. (1978) Estimates on the Production of CO and H2 from the Oxidation of Hydrocarbon Emissions from Vegetation" Geophys. Res. Lett. 5, 679-681.

Return to Table of Contents