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BOOK: Procedures in Infrared Analysis of Gases Book Price : $375.00


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Much information on measuring gases is contained in our book entitled Procedures in Infrared Analysis of Gases. The book comes in two parts: Part 1, named Discussions and Instruction, and Part 2, named Quantitative Reference Spectra. Part 1 contains 100 pages of instruction and technical data on gas measurement, while Part 2 presents print-outs of the 392 quantitative reference spectra that are the calibration and foundation of our method of quantitative analysis..

 

The book contains a glossary of terms used in analytical spectroscopy, comments on past uses of infrared absorption in the measurement of gases, and instructions in the use of QASoft, which is the quantitative analysis program of Infrared Analysis, Inc. Shipping is included in the price of the book.       


TABLE OF CONTENTS of Part 1, Discussions and Instruction.

 

Absorbance law, derivation

Absorbance law, failures

Absorbance spectra

Air pollutant concentrations and distribution

Alcohols

Aldehydes

Applications of QASoft (partial list)

Array basic

Atmospheric measurements - discussion

Atmospheric measurements - examples

Automatic analysis call-up

Bistatic system

Browse, the search function of QASoft

Calibration comes from the quantitative reference spectra

Carbon dioxide interference removal

Computer operations in the sequence analysis of 13 trace gases in air

Concentration range for quantitative analysis

Cryogenic concentration

Database of gas phase infrared spectra

DIAL

DOAS

Electromagnetic spectrum, regions

Esters

Ethers

Flowing gas dilution system

Fourier transform

Frequency shifts

Fundamental infrared region

Gases and condensed phases have differing techniques of measurement

Gases and vapors

Gas measurement requires a long optical path

Gas sample handling

Gas sampling bags

Gas sampling syringes

Glass and anodized aluminum, advantages

Halogenated benzenes

Halogenated ethanes

Halogenated ethylenes

Halogenated methanes

Hardware requirements for QASoft

Heatable long path cells

High pressure problems

Humidification device

Hydrides

Hydrocarbons, aromatic

Hydroocarbons, C1 through C4

Hydrocarbons, C5

Hydrocarbons, C6 and up, non-aromatic

Impurities in infrared active gases

Impurities in liquid water

Integral (in RIAS)

Integration region and zero level selection

Interference fringes

Interferogram

Interferometer

Ketones

Laser device

Learning to Use QASoft

Line shape changes with pressure reduction

Line widths and resolution requirements

Long path cells

Main points

MCT Detector (Mercury-cadmium-telluride)

Micrograms per cubic meter

Minimum detection limits (MDL)

Mirror coating

Molecular signatures

Nitrogen compounds, inorganic

Nitrogen-containing organics

Nitrogen gas from liquid nitrogen

Noise in the spectrum

Non-dispersive analysis

Open path measurements

Organic acids

Oxides and peroxides

Photolysis assisted pollution analysis (PAPA)

PPM (parts-per-million)

Purging the sample compartment is not recommended

QASoft (quantitative analysis software)

QASoft action buttons

QASoft uses GRAMS/AI to import spectra

Quantitative accuracy of the spectra

References

Region integration and subtraction (RIAS)

Remote sensing

Room temperature work, benefits of and technique for

Rules for quantitative analysis of gases

Sampling Considerations

Sequence Analysis

Signal decrease due to the presence of the long path cell

Simplifications

Single Component analysis

Specinfo

Spectral subtraction

Subtraction artifacts

Sulfur-containing compounds

Synthetic spectra creation

TDLAS

Transfer Optics

Variable-focus retroreflector

Water and CO2 interference removal

Water Lines removal

White cell examples

Windows

Wrong answers are created by high absorbance values

X-Shift

Zap


Here is a list of the compounds whose Quantitative Reference Spectra are presented in the book, Part 2.

 

ALPHABETICAL INDEX - With Chapter and Spectrum Letters and Molecular weights

         

Acetaldehyde, GM - 44.05

Acetic acid, monomer, GA - 60.05

Acetic acid, mon. and di., GB

Acetone, IA - 58.08

Acetone cyanohydrin, NA - 85.1

Aceto nitrile, NB - 41.05

Acetophenone, IB - 120.15

Acetyl chloride, TA - 78.50

Acetyl fluoride, TB - 62.04

Acetylene, AA - 26.02

Acrolein, GN - 56.07

Acrylic acid, monomer, GC - 72.06

Acrylic acid, mon. + di., GE

Acrylic acid, mostly mon., GD

Acrylo nitrile, NC - 53.06

Allene, AB - 40.06

Allyl alcohol, JA - 58.08

Allyl amine, HA - 57.10

Allyl bromide, RB - 120.98

Allyl chloride, RC - 76.53

Allyl iodide, RD - 167.98

Allyl isothiocyanate, OA - 99.16

Alpha-Pinene, CA - 136.24

Ammonia, EA - 17.03

Arsine, EB - 77.95

Benzaldehyde, GO - 106.12

Benzene, DA - 78.11

Benzene thiol (Thio phenol), OB -110.18

Benzo nitrile, ND - 103.12

Benzotrichloride, SA - 195.48

Benzyl Alcohol, JB - 108.13

Benzyl bromide, SL - 171.0

Benzyl chloride, SB - 126.59

Beta-Picoline, TC - 93.13

Beta-Pinene, CB - 136.24

Bicyclo[2,2,l]hepta-2,5-diene, CC - 92.14

Boron trichloride, TE - 117.19

Boron trifluoride, TD - 67.81

Bromobenzene, SC - 157.02

Bromochloromethane, PA - 129.39

Bromoethane, QAA - 108.97

Bromoform, PB - 252.77

Bromo methane, PC - 94.94

Bromotrifluoromethane, PD - 148.92

1,3 Butadiene, AC - 54.09

Butane, AD - 58.12

2-Butanone, IC - 72.11

1-Butene, AE - 56.10

cis-2-Butene, AF - 56.10

trans-2-Butene, AG - 56.10

2-Butoxy ethanol, JC - 118.18

n-Butyl acetate, KA - 116.16

n-Butyl acrylate, KB - 128.17

n-Butyl alcohol, JD - 74.12

n-Butyl amine, HB - 73.14

n-Butyl nitrite, NE - 103.12

n-Butyraldehyde, GP - 72.11

Carbon dioxide, FA and FAA - 44.01

Carbon disulfide, OC - 76.14

Carbon monoxide, FB and FBB - 28.01

Carbon tetrachloride, PE - 153.82

Carbonyl fluoride, TF - 66.01

Carbonyl sulfide, OD - 60.07

Chlorine dioxide, FC - 67.46

Chloroacetic acid, GF - 94.50

Chloroacetophenone, ID - 154.60

Chlorobenzene, SD - 112.56

2-Chloro-1,3-butadiene, RE - 88.54

1-Chloro-1,1 difluoroethane, QA - 100.50

Chlorodifluoromethane, PF - 86.47

Chloroethane, QB - 64.52

2-Chloro ethanol, JE - 80.52

2-Chloroethyl ethyl ether, LK - 108.57

Chloroform, PG - 119.39

Chloromethane, PH - 50.49

bis-Chloromethyl ether, LA - 114.95

Chloromethyl methyl ether, LB - 80.51

Chloropentafluoroethane, QC - 154.5

Chloro sulfonyl isocyanate, OE -141.53

Chlorotetrafluoroethane, QD - 136.47

2-Chlorotoluene, SE - 126.59

4-Chlorotoluene, SF - 126.59

Chlorotrifluoroethylene, RF - 116.48

Chlorotrifluoromethane, PI - 104.46

m-Cresol, JF - 108.14

o-Cresol, JG - 108.14

p-Cresol, JH - 108.14

Crotonaldehyde, GQ - 70.09

Cyanogen, TG - 52.04

Cyanogen chloride, TH -61.48

Cyclohexane, BA - 84.16

Cyclohexanol, JI - 100.16

Cyclohexanone, IE - 98.15

Cyclohexene, BB - 82.15

Cyclopentene, BC - 68.11

Cyclopropane, AH - 42.08

Desflurane, LBB - 168.04

Diacetone alcohol, JJ - 116.16

Diborane, EC - 27.67

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane, RG - 236.36

1,2 Dibromoethane, QE - 187.87

Cis-trans Dibromoethylene, RH - 185.86

Dibromodifluoro methane, PJ - 209.81

Dibromomethane, PJ - 173.85

1,2-Dibromotetrafluoro ethane, QEE - 259.83

Dibutyl,monobutyl phosphate, TI

m-Dichlorobenzene, SG - 147.01

o-Dichlorobenzene, SH - 147.01

p-Dichlorobenzene, SI - 147.01

Dichlorodifluoromethane, PL - 120.92

1,1 Dichloroethane, QF - 98.96

1,2 Dichloroethane, QG - 98.96

cis-1,2 Dichloroethylene, RI - 96.94

trans-1,2 Dichloroethylene, RJ - 96.94

Dichloroethyl ether, LC - 143.01

1,1-Dichloro-1-fluoro ethane, QH -116.92

Dichlorofluoro methane, PM - 102.92

Dichloromethane, PN - 84.93

1,2-Dichloropropane, RK - 112.99

1,3-Dichloropropane, RL - 112.99

1,3-Dichloropropene, RM - 110.97

Dichloro silane, TJ - 101.0

1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane, QI-170.93

Dichlorotrifluoroethane, QJ - 152.92

Dicyclopentadiene, CD - 132.21

Diethyl amine, HC - 73.14

Diethyl ether, LD - 74.12

Diethyl ketone, IF - 86.13

Diethyl sulfate, OF - 154.18

Difluoroethane, QJJ - 66.05

Difluoromethane, PO - 52.02

Di-isopropyl amine, HD - 101.19

Di-isopropyl ether, LE - 102.17

Diketene, TK -84.07

Dimethoxy methane, NG - 76.10

N,N-Dimethyl acetamide, HE - 97.12

Dimethyl amine, HF- 45.09

2,2-Dimethyl butane, BD - 86.18

Dimethyl ether, LF - 46.07

N,N-Dimethyl formamide, HG - 73.10

1,1-Dimethyl hydrazine, NH - 60.10

Dimethyl sulfate, OG - 126.13

Dimethyl sulfide, OH - 62.13

Dimethyl sulfoxide, OI, 78.13

Dinitrogen pentoxide, MA - 108.01

Dinitrogen tetroxide, MB - 92.02

1,4-Dioxane, FCC - 88.10

Dodecane, CE - 170.41

Enfluorane, LFF - 184.49

Epichlorohydrin, TL - 92.53

1,2-Epoxybutane, FD - 72.11

Ethane, AI - 30.07

Ethanol, JK - 46.07

2-Ethoxy ethanol, JL - 90.12

2-Ethoxy ethyl acetate, KC - 132.16

Ethyl acetate, KD - 88.11

Ethyl acetylene, AJ - 54.09

Ethyl acrylate, KE - 100.12

Ethyl amine, HH - 45.09

Ethyl benzene, DB - 106.17

Ethyl butyrate, KF - 116.1

Ethyl cyanide (nitrile), NI - 75.07

Ethylene, AK - 28.05

Ethylene diamine, HI - 60.10

Ethylene glycol, JM - 62.07

Ethylene oxide, FE - 44.05

Ethylene sulfide, OK - 60.12

Ethyl formate, KG - 74.08

2-Ethyl-1-hexanol, JN - 130.23

2-Ethyl hexyl acrylate, KH - 184.28

Ethyl iodide, QK - 155.97

Ethyl mercaptan, OJ - 62.13

Ethyl nitrite, NJ - 75.07

Ethyl propionate, KI - 102.13

2-Ethyl toluene, DC - 120.20

3-Ethyl toluene, DD - 120.20

Ethyl vinyl ether, LG - 72.11

Exxon 87 gasoline, CF

Fluoro benzene, SJ - 96.11

2-Fluoro ethanol, JO - 64.06

Formaldehyde, GR - 30.03

Formic acid, monomer, GG - 46.03

Furan, FF - 68.07

Germane, ED - 76.62

Glyceryl trinitrate, NK - 227.09

Halothane, QKK - 197.39

n-Heptane, CG - 100.21

1-Heptene, CH - 98.90

Hexachloro-1,3-butadiene, RN - 260.76

Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, RO - 272.77

Hexachloroethane, QL - 236.74

Hexafluoro acetone, IFF - 166.0

Hexafluoropropene, RO - 150.02

Hexamethyl phosphoramide, HJ - 179.20

n-Hexane, BE - 86.18

Hexafluoro ethane, QLL - 138.01

Hexanoic acid, GH - 116.16

2-Hexanone, IG - 100.16

1-Hexene, BF - 84.16

Hexyl acetate, KJ - 144.21

Hydrazine, EE - 32.05

Hydrogen bromide, EF - 80.92

Hydrogen chloride, EG - 36.46

Hydrogen cyanide, MC - 27.06

Hydrogen fluoride, EH - 20.01

Hydrogen Iodide, EI - 127.92

Hydrogen peroxide, FG - 34.02

Hydrogen sulfide, OM - 34.08

Iodomethane, PP - 141.94

2-Iodopropane, RQ - 169.99

Iron pentacarbonyl, TM - 195.0

Isoamyl alcohol, JP - 88.15

Isobutane, AL - 58.12

Isobutanol, JQ - 74.12

Isobutyl acetate, KK - 116.16

Isobutylene, AM - 56.10

Isocyanic acid, MD - 43.03

Isofluorane, LGG - 184.49

Isooctane, CI - 114.23

Isophorone, IH - 138.21

Isoprene, BG - 68.12

Isopropanol, JR - 60.10

Isopropyl acetate, KL - 102.13

Isopropyl amine, HK - 59.11

Isopropylbenzene, DF - 120.20

Isopropyl chloride, RR - 78.54

K-1 Kerosene, CJ

Limonene, DF - 136.24

Maleic anhydride, FH - 98.06

Mesitylene, DG - 120.20

Methacrolyl chloride, TN - 104.54

Methane, AN - 16.04

Methane sulfonyl chloride, ON - 114.55

Methanol, JS - 32.04

Methyl acetate, KM - 74.08

Methyl acrylate, KN - 86.09

Methyl acrylo nitrile, NL -

Methyl amine, HL - 31.06

2-Methyl butane, BH - 72.15

2-Methyl-2-butene, BI - 70.14

3-Methyl-1-butene, BJ - 70.14

Methyl chloro disilanes - TO

Methyl chloro formate, KP - 94.50

Methyl fluoride, PQ - 34.04

Methyl formate, KQ - 60.05

Methyl hydrazine, NM - 46.07

Methyl isoamyl ketone, II - 114.19

Methyl isobutyl ketone, IJ - 100.16

Methyl isocyanate, NN - 57.05

Methyl isothiocyanate, OO - 73.12

Methyl mercaptan, OP - 48.11

Methyl methacrylate, KR - 100.12

Methyl nitrite, NO - 61.04

2-Methyl pentane, BK - 86.18

3-Methyl pentane, BL - 86.18

2-Methyl-1-pentene, BM - 84.16

2-Methyl-2-pentene, BN - 84.16

cis-4-Methyl-2-pentene,BN- 84.16

Methyl trichloro silane, TP - 149.48

Methyl tert-butyl ether, LH - 88.15

Methyl vinyl ether, LI - 58.08

Methyl vinyl ketone, IK - 70.09

Naphthalene, DH - 128.17

Nickel carbonyl, TQ - 170.75

Nitric acid, ME - 63.02

Nitric oxide, MF - 30.01

Nitro benzene, NP - 123.11

Nitro ethane, NQ - 75.07

Nitrogen dioxide, MG - 46.01

Nitrogen dioxide (and N2O4), MH

Nitro methane, NR - 61.04

Nitrogen trifluoride, MI - 71.01

1-Nitropropane,NS - 89.09

2-Nitropropane, NT - 89.09

Nitroso benzene, NU - 107.11

N-Nitroso dimethyl amine, HM - 74.08

Nitroso morpholine, NV - 117.12

Nittrosyl Chloride, MJ

Nitrous acid, MK - 47.02

Nitrous oxide, ML - 44.02

1-Nonanol, JT - 144.26

1-Nonene, CK - 126.24

Octafluoro propane, RS - 188.0

Octafluorocyuclebutane, RT - 200.04

n-Octane, CL - 114.2

Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, TR - 296.62

Octamethyltrisiloxane, TS - 236.0

Ozone, FI - 48.00

Pentaborane, EJ - 63.12

Pentafluoroethane, QM - 120.02

n-Pentane, BD - 72.15

1-Pentanol, JU - 88.15

2-Pentanol, JV - 88.15

2-Pentanone, IL - 86.13

1-Pentene, BQ - 70.14

2-Pentene, BR - 70.14

Pentafluoroethane, QM - 120.02

Pentafluoro sulfur methyl trifluoride, OR

Perfluorobutane, RU - 214.02

Perfluoropentane, RV - 288.05

Peroxy acetyl nitrate, NW - 121.03

Phenol, JW - 94.11

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride), TT - 98.92

Phosphine, EK - 34.00

Phosphorus trichloride, TV - 137.35

Phosphoryl chloride, TW - 153.35

Propane, AO - 44.10

n-Propanol, JX - 60.10

1-Propane thiol, OS - 76.16

b-Propiolactone, IM - 72.06

Propionaldehyde, GS - 58.08

Propionic acid, mon. and di., GJ

Propionic acid, mostly monomer, GI - 74.09

n-Propyl acetate, KS - 102.13

n-Propylbenzene, DI - 120.20

Propylene, AP - 42.08

Propylene glycol m,e Acetate, KT

Propylene imine, NX - 57.09

Propylene oxide, FJ - 58.08

n-Propyl nitrate, NY - 105.09

Propyne (Methyl acetylene), AQ - 42.08

Pyridine, NZ - 79.10

Quinoline, NAA - 129.16

Sevofluorane, LJ - 200.06

Silane, EL - 32.09

Silicon tetrachloride, TX - 169.89

Silicon tetrafluoride, TY - 104.06

Styrene, DJ - 104.15

Styrene oxide, FK - 120.15

Sulfur dioxide, OT - 64.07

Sulfur hexafluoride, OU - 146.07

Sulfur monochloride, OV - 135.03

Sulfuryl chloride (SO2Cl2), OW - 134.97

Sulfuryl fluoride (SO2F2), Ox - 102.07

Tertiary butyl benzene, DK - 134.22

1,1,1,2 Tetrachloroethane, QN - 167.85

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane, QO - 167.85

Tetrachloroethylene, RW - 165.83

1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane, QP - 102.02

1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane, QPP - 102.02

Tetrafluoromethane, PR - 88.00

Tetrahydrofuran, FL - 72.11

Tetrahydrothiophene, OY - 88.17

Thio glycol, OZ

Thionyl chloride, OAA - 118.98

Thiophene, OBB - 84.14

Thiophosgene, OCC - 114.99

Thiophosphoryl chloride, ODD - 169.42

Toluene, DL - 92.14

2,4-Toluene diisocyanate, NBB - 174.16

o-Toluidine, NCC - 107.16

Tribromomethane, PS -252.77

Tributyl phosphate, TZ - 266.32

Trichloro acetyl chloride, TAA - 181.83

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene, SK - 181.45

1,1,1 Trichloroethane, QQ - 133.41

1,1,2 Trichloroethane, QR - 133.41

Trichloroethylene, RX - 131.39

Trichlorofluoromethane, PT - 137.4

Trichloronitromethane, NDD - 164.38

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol, JY - 197.45

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol, JZ - 197.45

1,2,3-Trichloropropane, RY - 147.43

Trichlorotrifluoroethane, QS - 187.38

Triethylamine, HN - 101.19

Trifluoroacetic acid, mon. and di., GL - 144.02

Trifluoroacetic acid, mostly mon., GK - 144.02

Trifluoroacetic anhydride, TBB - 210.03

1,1,1-Trifluoro acetone, IN - 112.05

Trifluoroacetyl fluoride, TR

Trifluoroethane, QT - 84.02

Trifluoro methyl iodide, PV - 195.9

Trifluoromethane, PU - 70.01

Trimethyl amine, HO - 59.11

1,2,4-Trimethyl benzene, DM - 120.20

2,2,4-Trimethyl pentane, CM - 114.23

Tungsten hexafluoride, TDD - 297.86

Vinyl acetate, KU - 86.09

Vinyl bromide, RZ - 106.96

Vinyl chloride, RAA - 62.50

Vinylidene chloride, RBB - 96.94

Vinylidene fluoride, RCC - 64.04

Water, EM - 18.02

m-Xylene, DN - 106.17

o-Xylene, DO - 106.17

p-Xylene, DP - 106.17

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